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Nobel Prize in Economics Study Notes

First one was awarded in 1969 - to Professor Frisch and Professor Tinbergen, on their pioneering work of development of economics into a mathematically-specified and quantitatively-determined science, which contributed to a rational foundation for economic policy and planning with the help of well developed theory and statistical analysis. This major scientific breakthrough and continued research were designed to assist the poor countries of the world! Complicated economic processes such as economic growth, cyclical fluctuations and reallocation of economic resources for different purposes now can be explained well with their work. The attempt of economists to construct mathematical models relating to strategic economic relations, and then to specify these quantitatively with the help of the statistical analysis of the time series, have proved successful! This line of economic research, mathematical economics and econometrics, has been characterised the development of this discipline in recent decades!

"CAN VA" - The Formula to End a Meeting with Successful Outcome

"CAN VA" - Completion, Alignment, Next steps, Value, Acknowledgement To get the most of any meeting and maximize the impact, we need to actively design the conversation. 1) Set up each conversation so everyone knows the intended outcomes and how to participate. 2) Manage the conversation rigorously so the discussion stays on track and everyone is engaged. 3) Close the conversation to ensure alignment, clarity on next steps, and awareness for the value created. "CAN VA" is the formula to end a meeting with maximum impact: 1) check for completion 2) check for alignment 3) agree on next steps 4) reflect on the value of what you accomplished 5) check for acknowledgement Source: https://hbr.org/2015/03/the-right-way-to-end-a-meeting

The Process of Education

The idea started in September, 1959, at Woods Hole on Cape Cod, when 35 scientists, scholars and educators gathered to discuss how education in science might be improved in primary and secondary schools - sponsored by National Academy of Sciences. The intention was to examine the fundamental processes involved in imparting to young students a sense of the substance and method of science.

Best Way to Spend the First 10 Minutes of Your Day

A better approach is to begin your day with a brief planning session. 1) Ask yourself this question the moment you sit at your desk: The day is over and I am leaving the office with a tremendous sense of accomplishment. What have I achieved? 2) Then—and this is important—create a plan of attack by breaking down complex tasks into specific actions. Starting each item on your list with a verb, which is useful because it makes your intentions concrete. For example, instead of listing “Monday’s presentation,” identify every action item that creating Monday’s presentation will involve. You may end up with: collect sales figures, draft slides, and incorporate images into deck. 3) Finally, prioritize your list. The entire exercise can take you less than 10 minutes. Yet it’s a practice that yields significant dividends throughout your day. You no longer have to pause and think through each step. Instead, ...

Health Issues

tease / tease / tease

Thinking Strategically - the competitive edge in business, politics, and everyday life

"Thinking Strategically" is written by Professor Avinash K Dixit & Professor Barry J. Nalebuff. Strategic thinking is the art of outdoing an adversary, knowing that the adversary is trying to do the same to you! The science of strategic thinking is called game theory! Whether we are aware of game theory or not, we practice strategic thinking at work and at home everyday! The foundation of game theory consists of some simple basic principles - understanding and applying game theory principles give us competitive advantage! Michael Porter's well known business book "Competitive Strategy" was written drawing on the lessons of game theory for business strategy!

Predictably Irrational - The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions

Professor Dan Ariely discovered 15 patterns on how we make the same kinds of mistakes over and over again, systematically irrational. Understanding those 15 patterns is a step forward in making decisions that are good for us instead of doing ourselves a disservice if we are not even aware of the trap we fall in so easily. Those 15 patterns are: 1) the truth about relativity - why everything is relative - even when it shouldn't be. When presented with 3 choices, we tend to choose the one comparatively better than the other, and not the third one that can in fact be the best choice of all, given the right context. 2) the fallacy of supply and demand - why the price of pearls - and everything else - is up in the air. 3) the cost of zero cost - why we often pay too much when we ...

8 questions for kids make mistake

【孩子犯錯了,講八句話就可以了】 孩子長大的過程中,免不了會遇到各種問題。作為家長這時不要急著插手,可以先問孩子八個問題,聽聽他們有什麼想法。而往往問不到幾個問題,事情就已經很清楚並得到解決了。家長不妨可以一試。 第一個問題是:“發生什麼事情了?” 這個問題看起來不起眼,但是非常重要。許多成人碰到突發狀況時,會習慣性的太快下判斷:“一定是你先打他,他才會打你。”“一定是你做錯事,老師才會處罰你。”如果我們不讓孩子從他的角度說說事情的經過,很可能冤枉孩子。況且,讓孩子有機會說話,即使真的是他的錯,他也會因為有機會為自己辯解而比較甘心認錯。 第二個問題是:“你的感覺如何?” 事情經過是客觀事實,當事人心裡受到的衝擊純然是主觀的感受,無所謂是非對錯。很多時候,我們只是需要把自己的感受說出來而已。一旦說出來,哭一哭,罵一罵,心情就會好多了。腦科學研究表明,當一個人情緒強烈的時候,外在刺激不容易被腦部吸收。也就是說,當一個人還有情緒的時候,別人說什麼他都會聽不進去。總要等到他心情平靜下來,才可能冷靜思考。所以如果我們希望孩子能夠聽得進去我們的意見,我們就需要先同理他的感情,讓他的情緒有個出口。 孩子夠冷靜之後,可以問他 第三個問題:“你想要怎樣?” 這時不管孩子說出什麼驚人之語,先不要急著教訓他,而是冷靜的接著問他 第四個問題:“那你覺得有些什麼辦法?” 在這個階段,不妨跟孩子一起做腦力激蕩,想各種點子,合理的、不合理的、荒唐的、可笑的、噁心的、幼稚的……腦力激蕩的重點就是允許任何看似無稽的想法。這時候不論聽到什麼,都暫時不要做批評或判斷。 等到再也想不出任何點子的時候,就可以問他 第五個問題:“這些方法的後果會怎樣?” 讓孩子自己一一檢視,每個方法的後果會是什麼?你可能會很訝異的發現,大部分的孩子都明白事情的後果。如果他的認知有差距,這時候就可以跟他好好討論,讓他明白現實真相。這是一個很好的親子溝通機會,但是要避免說教,只要陳述事實就可以了。 然後問他第六個問題:“你決定怎麼做?” 孩子一定會選擇對自己最有利的狀況,如果他瞭解後果,通常會做出最合理、最明智的選擇。即使他的抉擇不是成人期望的結果,也要尊重孩子的決定。成人一定要言而有信,不能先問他怎麼決定,然後又告訴他不可以這麼決定。這樣子,他以後再也不敢信任你了。何況,就算他選擇錯誤,他從這個錯誤中也可以學習到更珍貴難忘的教訓。 接著問 第七個問題:“你希望我做什麼?” 並且表示支持。 等到事情過去之後,問他最後 第八個問題:“結果怎樣?有沒有如你所料?” 或是“下次碰見相似的情形,你會怎麼選擇?” 讓他有機會檢視自己的判斷。 如此練習幾次,孩子就會有自己解決問題的能力,不需要我們操心了 經典八問: 第一個問題是:“發生什麼事情了?” 第二個問題是:“你的感覺如何?” 第三個問題:“你想要怎樣?” 第四個問題:“那你覺得有些什麼辦法?” 第五個問題:“這些方法的後果會怎樣?” 第六個問題:“你決定怎麼做?” 第七個問題:“你希望我做什麼?” 第八個問題:“結果怎樣?有沒有如你所料?” 或是“下次碰見相似的情形,你會怎麼選擇


A recent study published in an American Psychological Association journal, Emotion, suggests that early birds are generally happier than night owls. More than 700 respondents, ranging from ages 17 to 79, were surveyed and asked about their emotional state, health, and preferred time of day. Self-professed "morning people" reported feeling happier and healthier than night owls. Researchers hypothesize that one of the reasons could be because society caters to a morning person's schedule. It's certainly true that the working world does. Working "9-to-5" is more than an expression, but a standard shift for many Americans. It also stands to reason that those who like rising with the sun are also the most productive employees in the office. Do you want to be more like them? Then take note of the tasks these high-functioning, productive, and more awake employees have completed before lunch: 1. They make a work to-do list the ...

goal discussion 09132013

1) use Newton discover the law of gravity via watching apples dropping to the group -> to help people discover "there are laws governing influence people" 2) show influence theory: 1) influence strategy, influence tactics & influence processes Yulin Xu: 2) how Olixus implements this in our product to help user be most influential Yulin Xu: 2 fundamental emotions 1) fear 2) love Yulin Xu: core flexible self flexible core self

3 kinds of Sleep Problems: Which one is keeping YOU awake?

1) we can add proper message to Knowledge area as sleep is very important and people really need the knowledge to get a good sleep - the understanding at the molecule level is very helpful - we can provide understanding of different level so different people can choose the one they feel natural about and also investigate other explanations to benefit from the knowledge 2) we can develop tool so people can easily use food to get the nutrients they want - in another word, our tool enable people to design their diet and optimize their body Obviously they are trying to sell their nutrition supplement - we are trying to give people tools so they can get enough nutrients from food they enjoy - it's up to people to choose what they like - the pill way or the natural way. I personally prefer the natural way as it ...

Grateful Corner

People say that your listing 3 things you are grateful for in life or 3 events that have gone well over the past 7 days can increase happiness for about a month or even one small act of kindness can boost happiness. What are the things you are grateful for in life? What events that have gone well the past week? What did you experience recently a small Random Acts of Kindness? Would you like to share with people so others can share your happiness too?

New Year's resolutions pour onto Bay Area lists -- and here's how to keep them

New Year's resolutions pour onto Bay Area lists -- and here's how to keep them By Mike Rosenberg This New Year's, the Bay Area is resolving to get healthy and save money. Yet despite our best intentions, within a few months most of us will be back on the couch eating soft serve from the new ice-cream maker we blew $100 on. But all hope is not lost. Scientific studies of New Year's resolutions -- yes, actually done by psychologists -- indicate that some people can make lasting changes if they know what they're doing. "Sadly, the vast majority of people do not have an action plan or a healthy alternative ready to go on Jan. 1," says John Norcross, a psychology professor at the University of Scranton in Pennsylvania, who wrote the book on resolutions: "Changeology," released last week. "This Surveys indicate about 40 to 50 percent of us ...


Smoking is highly addictive, and although the number of smokers has halved in the last 40 years in the United States, smoking is still responsible for hundreds of thousands of preventable deaths annually. Understanding what makes smoking so addictive is important, as it can result in better strategies for smoking cessation. Dopamine is a chemical produced in the brain which has been associated with pleasure and reward, and as it is released when smoking tobacco, it is thought that this part of the reason for the addictive nature of smoking. Dopamine as a Neurotransmitter Dopamine is a neurotransmitter in the brain which acts on dopamine receptors to cause a response in neurons. The response is dependent on the location of the receptors in the brain. For example, dopamine is important in the movement and coordination centers of the brain. Research has also shown that dopamine is released in large quantities ...

Foods to help you relax based on Traditional Chinese Medicine theory

White foods: 银耳 - features: 富含维生素D和硒等微量元素; functions: 能防止钙的流失,还能增强肌体抗肿瘤的免疫能力; benefits: 益气清肠 安眠健胃 养阴清热 润燥护肤; 安神助眠的佳品 百合 - features: 含有生物素、秋水碱等多种生物碱和营养物质 functions: 营养滋补,特别是对病后体弱、神经衰弱等症大有裨益 benefits: 润肺、清心、调中,可止咳、止血、开胃、安神 淮山 - functions: 补气养生 增强免疫力 安神醒目 促进身体血液循环, benefits: 助眠 滋养肝肾、补虚健脾,治疗身体虚弱、疲倦无力等症 竹荪 - functions: 补充人体必需的营养物质,提高机体的免疫能力; 保护肝脏,减少腹壁脂肪的积存, benefits: “刮油” 很适合晚餐食用,给身体尽量少的负担进入梦乡 dark color foods: 红枣 - features: 富含维生素和微量元素 functions: 甘甜温和 补五脏、益脾养胃、养血安神 benefits: 对气血虚弱引起的多梦、失眠、精神恍惚有显著疗效 桂圆 - features: 含有大量有益人体健康的微量元素 functions: 滋补强体 补心安神 养血壮阳 益脾开胃 润肤美容 benefits: 可治失眠、健忘、惊悸; 蜂蜜 - functions: 补中益气、安五脏、和百药、解百毒之功效 benefits: 抗过敏 抗疲劳 防治心血管疾病 对失眠患者疗效显著

testing is testing

Hello, my world, it is a nice day! 今天天气还好啦

Some Common Diet Mistakes People Make

Correcting mistakes in diet can easily and quickly help people enhance health toward optimal health. Many mistakes are related to imbalance of nutrients. We sincerely hope this small reference can be used as a mirror to help people spot their current problems so that they can choose to bring the balance back by taking some specific actions relevant to their own situations. Here are some common mistakes people make: 1) Too much carbohydrates, especially sugar 2) Wrong kinds of fat 3) Too much protein 4) Imbalance of mineral intake 5) Not enough vitamins 6) Not enough water Here are more details about each mistake: 1) Carbohydrates related Our body's fat-burning switch is insulin - a 'Storage' hormone. It is flipped to the 'On' position if too much carbohydrates are in the diet as it causes insulin to shoot up. We'd like to have insulin at a nice moderate to low ...



Vital Behavior for mastering "Operating System Design and Implementation"

I am interested in learning from students, TAs and friends to find out the vital behaviors for mastering knowledge and skills for the class "Operating System Design and Implementation". Please join us for the fun of discovery! You never know: what we will discover for one class may extend to other areas of learning as well!!!

2011 Summer Guangzhou Trip

It's so wonderful to be back at Zhongda! Enjoyed a great time this morning at the little grocery market at the South West part of the South Campus. Everybody I meet is so sweet, cute and nice. I got a white Summer hat and a white Sun top: both are very cute! I also got over 10 kinds of fruits and enjoyed all of them! Yummy :-() I can already tell that this trip will mark another great time back to China!

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